Ms. Hooper's Basic Info and Tips on In-Text Citations:
- What's included in the parentheses?: (Author's Last Name page number)
- Parentheses belong at the end of the sentence, but BEFORE the period.
- Example: Ms. Hooper is happy to answer any questions about citations (Jones 35).
- If you state the author's name in the sentence, you will simply put the page in parentheses at the end of the sentence.
- Example: According to Jones, Ms. Hooper is happy to answer any questions about citations (35).
- If there is no author, use the title.
- Titles of short works (like an article) are in quotations; titles of longer works (like plays, books, television shows, entire web sites) are in italics.
- Example (short work): Ms. Hooper is happy to answer any questions about citations ("Using APA" 98).
- Example (long work): Ms. Hooper is happy to answer any questions about citations (Using MLA 76).
- TIP: If the title is super long, only use the first 4-5 words in the title.
- If there is no page, don't put anything for page.
- Example: (Jones)
- Example: (Using MLA)
- TIP: The first part of your in-text citation should simply be the first word(s) in your full citation up until the first punctuation mark.
- Example: If this is my citation (no author or page):
- "The Impact of Global Warming." Global Warming: Early Signs. 1999. Web. 23 Mar. 2009.
- Then my in-text citation is: ("The Impact of Global Warming").
- Example: If this is my citation (author and I do know page number):
- Burke, Kenneth. Language as Symbolic Action: Essays on Life, Literature, and Method. Berkeley: U of California P, 1966.
- Then my in-text citation is: (Burke 3).
If you have further questions beyond the basics listed above, please use the link below. That should be able to answer any and all questions on in-text citations in MLA style.
In-Text Citations: The Basics