Ms. Hooper's Basic Info and Tips on In-Text Citations:
- What's included in the parentheses?: (Author's Last Name, Date)
- Parentheses belong at the end of the sentence, but BEFORE the period.
- Example: Ms. Hooper is happy to answer any questions about citations (Jones, 1998).
- If you state the author's name in the sentence, you will simply put the date in parentheses after the author's name.
- Example: According to Jones (1998), Ms. Hooper is happy to answer any questions about citations.
- If there is no author, use the title.
- Example: Ms. Hooper is happy to answer any questions about citations ("Using APA," 2001).
- Titles of books are italicized; titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks.
- If there is no date, write n.d.
If you have further questions beyond the basics listed above, please use the two links below. They should be able to answer any and all questions on in-text citations in APA style.
In-Text Citations: The Basics
In-Text Citations: More Details